The Arabian Gulf Coasts

The Kingdom overlooks from the east the Arabian Gulf through two seafronts, the coasts of which are about (1000) km long. One of them is the northern seafront that stretches from the point of coastal border near Kuwait until the point of coastal border with the State of Qatar, on Doha Salwa coast with a length of 900 km. The other starting from Point coastal border with Qatar Creek to the point of coastal border with the United Arab Emirates, on Dohat Al-Sumairah, constituting a (100) km.  The Gulf coast is characterized by low sea level, shallow waters, and frequent curves, resulting in the formation of many natural phenomena, namely: 

Coral Reefs

The Arabian Gulf has about 60 species of coral reefs. The coral reefs stretch from Al-Khafji, from the north, to Ras Abu Qamis, in the south.
​These reefs are formed into coral islands that have environmental and biological importance for being one of the most important areas that abound with turtles, birds and fish. Also, this area is considered an exciting destination for marine tourism that is visited by the diving enthusiasts.  

The Coastal Landmarks

The shallow waters of the Arabian Gulf led to formation of many creeks and bays. The headlands are the most prominent terrains, such as, Al-Qali’ah, Al-Khafji, Mish’ab, and Tannuorah.  Along the northwestern coastline, there is a phenomenon of Dakkakat (swallowing sand holes), i.e. they are thin layers of sand where some short plants grow forming sand accumulations. 


The beaches that stretch along the cost are distinguished for the sand dunes that form a magnificent background for recreation events on the beach. For example, Al-Uqair beach is one of the most significant tourism and heritage sites in Al-Ahsa. It has a long record of important memories of the Gulf region and Arabian Peninsula, which were mentioned in the historical and political records, and it was considered a main commercial port for Al-Ahsa and central region on the Gulf coast. Also it is considered as one of the most beautiful Saudi coasts overlooking the Arabian Gulf since it has unspoiled nature and a clean environment. Moreover, there are sweet water wells, some ancient buildings and the proximity of several islands. There are several beaches like Menifah, Al-Jubail, Half Moon, and Al-Aqeel. In addition, lack of strong sea currents make swimming and other marine sports safely available here. 

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