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Folklore
 


The southern region, which includes Abha, Khamis, Mushait, Jazan, and Najran, is distinguished for its many traditional dances, such as, Al-Ardah, Al-Mu’ashsha, Lu’bat Al-Saif, and Al-Azawi.

These folk dances are all performed at one time. They are performed sequentially through harmonized and consecutive movements and interesting rhythms that inspire pride and enthusiasm. All of them are performed collectively and with cooperation and assistance. Ardat Al-Razfah is performed in Najran, where the performers are divided into two rows facing one another and are equal in number. The shoulders of the dancers are attached to each other. Each row has a poet. When they start singing, two men go out of the two rows and perform Al-Sa’ab between the rows. The roles are switched regularly by the performers.

The accompanied instruments are conventional weapons and guns. In addition, Ardat Al-Zamil is performed in Najran during special occasions or when a tribe welcomes another tribe at an event. This dance is performed to inspire enthusiasm during wars. The instruments used in this are drums, guns, al-Janabi, and swords. Usually the performers of such dances wear special dress and carry weapons that give prestige and encourage enthusiasm.

A fire is started in the middle of the field where the dances are performed as a symbol of courage and generosity. All the rhythms of these folk dances are exciting and mirror the power of the mountainous environment. The lead dancers dance silently to the tones of drums in the Al-Saif dance. We find jubilant dances and enthusiastic rhythms and movements in Al-Zaffah, Al-Mu’ashsha, and Al-Azawi dances. Al-Khatwa folk art is performed collectively in most of the Aseer cities and governorates. It is performed through dances accompanied by drums, and raising daggers and sticks in the air. Each tribe in this region has its own traditional art. ​
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