Saudi Nature
    • Saudi Arabia truly is a land of captivating contrasts, rich culture and breathtaking scenery. The vast land includes craggy mountain peaks and arid deserts, rich plantations and farms, coniferous forests and coral seas, modern cities and historic monuments. The diversity of tourist opportunities offers something for everyone, whatever the time of year.


 Deserts and oases

Saudi Arabia's geography is dominated by huge deserts that cover more than half the country, dotted with sparkling oases. These wilderness areas offer visitors the perfect opportunity for experiencing desert life, with camping trips, safaris and extreme sports including sand skiing, caving and paragliding becoming increasingly popular throughout the Kingdom.

 Rural life

Although less than one percent of Saudi Arabia is cultivatable, the Kingdom’s agricultural areas offer the perfect antidote to the hustle and bustle of its modern cities, with a range of rural breaks and resorts offering the opportunity of learning about traditional farming and food, and simply enjoying the temperate weather, greenery and tranquility of rural life.


 Islands and seas

The Kingdom’s 2,640 km of pristine coastline, tropical seas and coral archipelagos make Saudi Arabia a paradise for beach-lovers, divers, and anglers. Water sports venues are available on both the Gulf and Red Sea coasts, offering windsurfing, jet skiing, fishing and diving trips, while the country’s many modern beach resorts provide everything you could want for a perfect family beach break. ​

 Mountains and valleys

With mountains running along much of the west coast and the Tuwaiq Escarpment bisecting Nejd, Saudi Arabia offers plenty of opportunities for mountaineering and hiking – or simply enjoying the mountain scenery and the temperate, green valleys from the comfort of an organized tour. Resorts in Asir even have a number of cable car routes serving the peaks.


Vast open scrubland and plains cover much of Saudi Arabia. In the east, coastal plains extend along the coast while in the west, coastal plains stretch inland to the foothills of the Sarawat Mountains. The plains of Nejd in the country’s heartland extend to Ha’il where they meet the Great Nafud Desert.

 Caves and Al-Duhul

With some of the largest subterranean cave (duhul) complexes in the world, Saudi Arabia’s underground natural wonders provide an exciting new facet to the Kingdom’s tourist attractions. Ancient, majestic and startlingly beautiful, Saudi’s many cave complexes have only recently come into prominence. For centuries they had stood forgotten but now, following the efforts of the Saudi Geological Survey (SGS), residents and tourists have started to visit and be aware of these natural treasures. Some of the best cave systems to visit include Duhul Hit between Al-Kharj and Riyadh, Umm Jirsan Cave 100 km north of Madina, and the caves around the Al Ahsa oasis.


With an arid climate, no permanent rivers and few standing lakes in Saudi Arabia, any springs, seasonal lakes and swimming holes are a popular draw for locals and visitors alike, who come to swim, enjoy spa treatments or simply enjoy the cool waters and green landscape.


The wildlife of Saudi Arabia is substantial and varied, the nation having several geographic regions, each with a diversity of plants and animals adapted to their own particular habitats. In 1978, Saudi Arabia began setting aside land for the protection of natural habitats, and now has 15 protected areas. The most significant of these are Uruq Bani Ma‘arid in the Empty Quarter, Al-Wael in eastern Riyadh, and the Farasan Island Marine Sanctuary, all of which are popular tourist attractions for those wanting to discover Saudi Arabia’s diverse fauna and flora.​ ​

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