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Islam and the Arabia
 

This is the 5th of the museum’s galleries, and it covers an area of 1,200 square meters.

First section of this gallery is specific to the dawn of Islam, which starts with the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) arrival in Madina, and ending with the beginning of the Umayyad Period. There is a small room screening films on a number of the Prophet’s battles (peace be upon him), some of them are the Battles of Badr and Al Khandaq. 

The second part of the gallery houses a collection from the Umayyad Period, which ends with the start of the Abbasid Period. 

The third part of the gallery contains three consecutive halls: the first houses a collection of items that Muslims excelled in, such as ceramics and tools of medicine and astronomy. 

The second part, shows films on Arab sciences, their spread and superiority over the skills of other civilizations during that time period. The third, however, showcases different styles of Islamic calligraphy engraved on tombstones of different sizes, and found in important sites of the Islamic Age.
 
The fourth section of the gallery has two halls, and the first contains information on a number of key Islamic sites in Saudi Arabia, such as Al Rabthah and Mabiyat. And the second hall shows a film portraying Al Rabthah during the Islamic Age.
 
The fifth section of the gallery is rich in artifacts dating from the Abbasid period to the emergence of smaller nations up to the Mamluk Age. Some of the most prominent items are coins, pottery, glass, woodwork and metal implements and utensils. 

The sixth and last section in this gallery is devoted to items of the time specific to the Ottoman Period. It also houses a model of the largest Ottoman castle located along the Egyptian Hajj route.​



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