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Hajj and the Two Holy Mosques
 

This is the 8th and the last exhibition halls, and it covers an area of 800 square meters. It is located on the ground floor of the Museum. It depicts Hajj, its rituals, related antiquities, and the role of subsequent "Islamic States" in its maintenance and the historic pilgrimage routes, the two holy cities of Mecca and Madina, and the role of the Saudi State in the service of the pilgrims of Hajj and Umra rituals. It is divided into different pavilions.


First pavilion: It is a large horizontal model depicting Makkah, Massa and other holy sites in Makkah. On the wall behind the model is an enlarged aerial photo showing the location of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. Also hanging on the wall is a part of the Kaaba shroud, embroidered with silk and silver. Nearby is the display of the Kaaba door from the reign of Sultan Murad IV in 1045 AH, made of pure gold and copper
 
Second Pavilion: It is located along a circular corridor and features models of old Hajj routes, the sculptures and gravestones, as well as antiquities left behind by the Hajj pilgrims. Also on display are maps showing the major stops along the ancient Hajj routes, such as the Egyptian Haj route, Levant Haj route, and the Yemeni Haj routes.
    
Third Pavilion: It talks about the different time and dates of the Holy Kaaba and the Haram mosque in Makkah and the second expansion in the reign of late King Fahd.

Fourth Pavilion: In the center of the pavilion is located a model of Madina after the expansion that occurred during the reign of the late King Fahd. It also displays items depicting writing tools used in teaching reading and writing. 

Fifth Pavilion: It showcases Hajj through the ages, and all the literature documented by travelers, writers, and poets throughout the Islamic Ages. It then goes on to explain the history of Hajj during the First Saudi State, and ends with the efforts put forth by King Abdulaziz and his sons toward the services of the Two Holy Mosques and the provision of various amenities and comforts to the pilgrims.




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