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The First and Second Saudi States
 


This is the 6th hall of the museum’s galleries in terms of chronological sequence, and it is divided into two sections.
 
The First Section
It depicts the First Saudi State as was founded by Imam Mohammed Bin Saud, who reigned from 1139-1179 AH (1726-1765 AD). The exhibition also presents the historic meeting between him and Sheik Mohammed bin Abdul Wahhab in Diriya in 1157 AH (1744), where both pledged to return to the original sources of Islam and fight against cults and superstition, paganism and polytheism, which had spread at that time (an alliance to establish a religious and political sovereignty determined to purge the Arabian Peninsula of heretical practices and deviations from orthodox Islam as they understood it.) They also undertook to apply the practices of Islam and the Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessings be upon him). Then Diriya evolved as the first Saudi state capital. It flourished as did the social life. And the State continued to expand since its founding until subsequent successor imams after Imam Mohammed Bin Saud. They are: Imam Abdul Aziz bin Mohammed (1179-1222 AH/1765-1803), Imam Saud bin Abdul Aziz Al - Saud I (1218-1229 AH/1814-1818), to the end of the First Saudi State after the siege of Diriya in 1233 AH/1818 AD).

The Second Section
This section depicts the Second Saudi State, which was founded by Imam Turki Bin Abdullah (1240 AH/1824 AD), who chose Riyadh as the capital during his reign. He then unified Najd and Al Ahsa. Imam Turki re-imposed central authority and "Sharia". He was in power until his assassination in 1249 AH/1834 AD. Then came the reign of Imam Faisal Bin Turki, who succeeded his father in 1249 AH/1834 AD., and tried to strengthen State authority over lands ruled territories, but was stalled by the invasion of Mohammed Ali Pasha of Najd in 1253 AH/1837 AD. Afterwards was the return of Imam Faisal and the reinstatement of power in 1259 AH/1843 AD., and the establishment of security and stability until his death in 1309 AH/1891 AD. Lastly, the gallery depicts the end of the Second Saudi State with the departure of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal from Riyadh in 1309 AH/1891 AD.


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