Beaches and Coasts
 (Tihama Plains):
These Plains got their name due to the severity of heat and fragrant wind. Al-Sarat Mountains are the boundary between theTihama plains and the Najd plateau.

Red Sea coasts:
The length of the Saudi coast of the Red Sea is 2400 km starting from the Gulf of Aqaba in the north to Saudi-Yemeni border in the south. The width of the plain varies from one region to another, but it widen as we head south. The maximum breadth is 45 km near Jazan whereas the narrowest is about 20 km at Rabigh. In the far north, the foothills of Madyan Mountain meet with the sea water.
Red Sea coasts are replete with many of the phenomena and marine attractions as follows:

Coral Reefs

The Red Sea is one of the richest seas of the world for coral reefs, diverse and dense, which confers special beauty on the shores of the Kingdom. There are around (200) types of coral reefs with varieties of  shapes, styles and colors, because of the availability of appropriate conditions for the growth of the coral, because of the availability of appropriate conditions for the growth of the coral, including the breadth of the continental shallow shelf, high water temperature, moderate salinity ratio, serenity, and bright sunlight.
The coral reefs in Makkah Province are distributed along its coastline stretching from Rabiq until the south of Qunfudah. However, they seem to be more prevalent in some areas than the others.

Coastal marine landmarks

Red Sea coasts have many surface shapes like bays, coastal lakes, sand dunes that are formed as a result of tide and the sea surface movements - either up or down. These attractive natural phenomena are ideal opportunity for the establishment of tourist resorts and recreational projects.


Beaches are stretched along the coast. Although there are deposits of gravel and coral broken pieces on the beaches, there are beach stretches, covered with fine sand transported to land by the wind, including the shores of the Haql, Sharmah, Yanbu, Al-Shuaibah, Beesh, and Farasan beaches. Moreover, the areas parallel to the western highlands and the valleys sloping towards the sea can add a spectacular diversity to the natural views and support the tourism projects. The Kingdom is working on changing the beaches into beautiful landscape, as is the case in the Jeddah Corniche, where it was converted into the largest open-air museum in the world, featuring models art designed in the hands of international artists. Also, all squares on the seafront will be merged with the Corniche to increase the garden’s area on the seafront. 

The Arabian Gulf Coasts
The Kingdom overlooks from the east the Arabian Gulf through two seafronts, the coasts of which are about (1000) km long. One of them is the northern seafront that stretches from the point of coastal border near Kuwait until the point of coastal border with the State of Qatar, on Doha Salwa coast with a length of 900 km. The other starting from Point coastal border with Qatar Creek to the point of coastal border with the United Arab Emirates, on Dohat Al-Sumairah, constituting a (100) km.  The Gulf coast is characterized by low sea level, shallow waters, and frequent curves, resulting in the formation of many natural phenomena, namely:

Coral Reefs

The Arabian Gulf has about 60 species of coral reefs. The coral reefs stretch from Al-Khafji, from the north, to Ras Abu Qamis, in the south.

These reefs are formed into coral islands that have environmental and biological importance for being one of the most important areas that abound with turtles, birds and fish. Also, this area is considered an exciting destination for marine tourism that is visited by the diving enthusiasts. 

The Coastal Landmarks

The shallow waters of the Arabian Gulf led to formation of many creeks and bays. The headlands are the most prominent terrains, such as, Al-Qali’ah, Al-Khafji, Mish’ab, and Tannuorah.  Along the northwestern coastline, there is a phenomenon of Dakkakat (swallowing sand holes), i.e. they are thin layers of sand where some short plants grow forming sand accumulations.


The beaches that stretch along the cost are distinguished for the sand dunes that form a magnificent background for recreation events on the beach. For example, Al-Uqair beach is one of the most significant tourism and heritage sites in Al-Ahsa. It has a long record of important memories of the Gulf region and Arabian Peninsula, which were mentioned in the historical and political records, and it was considered a main commercial port for Al-Ahsa and central region on the Gulf coast. Also it is considered as one of the most beautiful Saudi coasts overlooking the Arabian Gulf since it has unspoiled nature and a clean environment. Moreover, there are sweet water wells, some ancient buildings and the proximity of several islands. There are several beaches like Menifah, Al-Jubail, Half Moon, and Al-Aqeel. In addition, lack of strong sea currents make swimming and other marine sports safely available here.